NEP 2020 is the 1st education policy of the 21st century inline with SDG4 (Sustainable Development Goal 4 -2030). The policy aims at Sustainable Development/ Atmanirbhar. It aims at Cognitive capacities, Foundational capacities, Numeracy, & Higher order cognitive capacities. The higher order includes critical thinking and problem solving; Social, ethical and emotional capacities/ dispositions.
The Fundamental Principles of NEP 2020 are:
- Recognising, identity and fostering the unique capabilities of each student.
- Holistic development
- Foundation Literacy and Numeracy of students by Grade 3.
- Flexibility in learning, trajectories/ programmes choose their own paths to nurture talents and interests.
- No hard separations between Arts & Science, curricular & extra curricular, vocational or academic streams.
- Multidisciplinarity and holistic education
- Conceptual understanding
- Creativity & critical thinking (logical decision making and problem solving)
- Ethics & Humans & Constitutional values
- Promoting multilingualism and power of language in teaching and learning.
- Life skills - Communication, collaboration/teamwork, cooperation, resilience
- Formative assessment
- Use of technology
- Diversity and local context in all curriculum, pedagogy and policy.
- Full equity and inclusion
- Synergy in curriculum across all levels of education.
- Teachers as the heart of the learning process.
- Continuous review of progress.
- Education is a public service; access to quality education must be considered a basic right of every child.
- Community participation
The policy envisages that the curriculum & pedagogy of our institutions must develop among the students a deep sense of respect towards the fundamental duties and constitutional values. Deep rooted pride in being Indian in spirit, intellect and deeds; knowledge, skills, values and dispositions - truly global citizens.
Do you think NEP 2020 would help in improving/removing rote learning/ marks based system?